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Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings

Aims: Work breaks improve well-being, productivity, and health. The aim of this study was to investigate the individual determinants of rest-break behavior during work using the theory of planned behavior (TPB).

Methods: The association between attitude, control, and subjective norm and rest-break intention (i.e., taking rest breaks regularly), and rest-break behavior (average number of rest breaks/workhour) was analyzed with stepwise linear regression in a cross-sectional design. The study participants included 109 clerical employees, and 215 nurses.

Results: Attitude and control were positively associated with rest-break intention. Intention and control were positively associated with rest-break behavior. The effect of intention was moderated by occupation, with intention being more weakly associated with rest-break behavior in nurses who had less behavioral control.

Conclusions: Job control is the major predictor of rest-break behavior, with attitudes playing a minor role, and social norm playing no role. To increase rest-break behavior, a greater extent of job control is necessary.

The complete article is published in the Journal "Healthcare", Volume 9, Issue 10.

Bibliographic information

G. Blasche, J. Wendsche, T. Tschulik, R. Schoberberger, L. Weitensfelder:
Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings. 
in: Healthcare, Volume 9, Issue 10 2021. pages 1-12, Project number: F 2431, PDF file, DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9101330

download file "Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings" (PDF, 469 KB, Not barrier-free file)

Research Project

Project numberF 2431 StatusOngoing Project Recovery within and beyond the context of work - effects and design approaches in a changing world of work

Find out more : Recovery within and beyond the context of work - effects and design approaches in a changing world of work …

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