Aims: Work breaks improve well-being, productivity, and health. The aim of this study was to investigate the individual determinants of rest-break behavior during work using the theory of planned behavior (TPB).
Methods: The association between attitude, control, and subjective norm and rest-break intention (i.e., taking rest breaks regularly), and rest-break behavior (average number of rest breaks/workhour) was analyzed with stepwise linear regression in a cross-sectional design. The study participants included 109 clerical employees, and 215 nurses.
Results: Attitude and control were positively associated with rest-break intention. Intention and control were positively associated with rest-break behavior. The effect of intention was moderated by occupation, with intention being more weakly associated with rest-break behavior in nurses who had less behavioral control.
Conclusions: Job control is the major predictor of rest-break behavior, with attitudes playing a minor role, and social norm playing no role. To increase rest-break behavior, a greater extent of job control is necessary.
The complete article is published in the Journal "Healthcare", Volume 9, Issue 10.
G. Blasche, J. Wendsche, T. Tschulik, R. Schoberberger, L. Weitensfelder:
Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings.
in: Healthcare, Volume 9, Issue 10 2021. pages 1-12, Project number: F 2431, PDF file, DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9101330