Stigmatization from work-related COVID-19 exposure has not been investigated in detail yet. Therefore, we systematically searched three databases: Medline, Embase, and PsychInfo (until October 2020), and performed a grey literature search (until February 2021). We identified 46 suitable articles from 24 quantitative and 11 qualitative studies, 6 systematic reviews, 3 study protocols and 1 intervention. The assessment of stigmatization varied widely, ranging from a single-item question to a 22-item questionnaire. Studies mostly considered perceived self-stigma (27 of 35 original studies) in healthcare workers (HCWs) or hospital-related jobs (29 of 35). All articles reported on stigmatization as a result of work-related COVID-19 exposure. However, most quantitative studies were characterized by convenience sampling (17 of 24), and all studies - also those with an adequate sampling design - were considered of low methodological quality. Therefore, it is not possible to determine prevalence of stigmatization in defined occupational groups. Nevertheless, the work-related stigmatization of occupational groups with or without suspected contact to COVID-19 is a relevant problem and increases the risk for depression (odds ratio (OR) = 1.74; 95% confidence interval CI 1.29–2.36) and anxiety (OR = 1.64; 95% CI 1.18–2.28). For promoting workers’ health, anti-stigma strategies and support should be implemented in the workplace.
This article is published in the "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health" (2021).
M. Schubert, J. Ludwig, A. Freiberg, T. M. Hahne, K. R. Starke, M. Girbig, G. Faller, C. Apfelbacher, O. von dem Knesebeck, A. Seidler:
Stigmatization from Work-Related COVID-19 Exposure: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.
in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021. pages 1-22, Project number: F 2516, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18126183
© Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health