Objectives: Following an exploratory approach, we examined cardiovascular disease risk factors at baseline and the 5-year incidence proportion of self-reported doctor-diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in teachers and other occupational groups of the Gutenberg Health Study.
Methods: Study participants lived in the region of Mainz, Germany. Data from 6510 working participants without prevalent CVD at baseline (2007–2012) were analyzed. Participants were teachers (n = 215), other professionals from the health, social or educational (HSE) fields (n = 1061) or worked outside the HSE fields (n = 5234). For occupational comparisons, we estimated prevalence ratios (PR) for each CVD risk factor at baseline with robust Poisson regression analyses. We calculated crude CVD incidence rates based on the observed 5-year CVD cumulative incidence at follow-up and estimated age-weighted incidence proportions. All analyses were stratified by sex.
Results: Male non-HSE workers showed a higher prevalence of smoking and physical inactivity than male teachers (PR 2.26; 95%-CI: 1.06–4.82/PR 1.89; 95%-CI: 1.24–2.87). In contrast, non-HSE workers and other HSE professionals were less likely to have reported an unhealthy alcohol intake than teachers. Differences were attenuated after SES-adjustment. We did not detect occupational group-specific differences in CVD incidence. However, there were only two cases of CVD among the teachers.
Conclusion: Particularly male teachers showed a healthier lifestyle regarding physical inactivity and smoking. Nevertheless, occupational-medical care practitioners and researchers need to be aware of the relatively heightened prevalence of unhealthy alcohol intake in female and male teachers, and in absolute terms, the high hypertension prevalence in male teachers.
The complete article is published in the Journal "International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health", Volume 94, Issue 2, pp. 251-259.
First Online: 26 October 2020
M. Riechmann-Wolf, S. Jankowiak, A. Schulz, J. Hegewald, K. Romero Starke, F. Liebers, K. Rossnagel, A. Poplawski, N. Arnold, M. Nübling, A. Seidler, M. Beutel, N. Pfeiffer, K. Lackner, T. Münzel, K. Bogner, P. S. Wild, U. Latza, S. Letzel:
Self-reported cardiovascular health of teachers: results from the 5-year follow-up of the Gutenberg Health Study cohort.
in: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 94, Issue 2 2021. pages 251-259, Project number: F 2338, DOI: 10.1007/s00420-020-01576-9
© Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health