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Health and work-life balance across types of work schedules: A latent class analysis

This study explores how different aspects of working time demands (e.g., shift work) and working time control (e.g., beginning/end of workday) can be clustered into distinct types of work schedules and how they relate to health and work-life balance. Data from 13,540 full-time employees interviewed in the 2015 BAuA-Working Time Survey was used. By means of latent class analysis, we extracted six types of work schedules. Subjective health was highest in the flexible extended and flexible standard schedules, both featuring high working time control. Work-life balance was highest in the flexible standard and rigid standard schedules and lowest in schedules with high working time demands, namely the extended shift, rigid all-week, and rigid extended schedules. Employees with high working time demands and low control represent risk groups prone to impairments of well-being. Overall, this study offers an intuitive taxonomy for the design of sustainable work schedules.

This article is published in the Journal "Applied Ergonomics", Volume 81, pp. 1-10.

Bibliographic information

C. Brauner, A. M. Wöhrmann, K. Frank, A. Michel:
Health and work-life balance across types of work schedules: A latent class analysis. 
in: Applied Ergonomics, Volume 81 2019. pages 1-10, Project number: F 2452, DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.102906

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Research Project

Project numberF 2452 StatusCompleted Project Working time reporting for Germany: Implementation, scientific preparation and utilization of the BAuA-Working Time Survey 2019

Find out more : Working time reporting for Germany: Implementation, scientific preparation and utilization of the BAuA-Working Time Survey 2019 …

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