Mental Health in the Working World Project

The aims of this wide-ranging focus programme were to determine the current state of scientific evidence about working conditions as factors in employees’ mental health and identify starting points for action that would promote human-centred work design.

Nurses at working handover
© Uwe Völkner, Fotoagentur FOX

The goal of the research project was to advance the level of knowledge surrounding working conditions relating to mental health in the world of work, to assess the transferability of the available knowledge to changing working conditions, and to identify knowledge gaps relating to mental load factors, mental load constellations and their impact on the individual. In addition, available knowledge of work design and existing research deficits were also identified.

In the "Mental Health in the Working World" project, scoping reviews were prepared for more than 20 working condition factors, which were assigned to four subject areas: "work tasks", "leadership and organisation", "working time" and "technical factors".

"Work tasks" subject area

  • Latitude for activity at work
  • Job control, assignment variability
  • Complete tasks
  • Work intensity
  • Disturbances and interruptions
  • Emotional labour
  • Traumatic stress

"Leadership and organisation" subject area

  • Leadership
  • Social relationships
  • Feedback
  • Justice and reward
  • Atypical forms of employment
  • Job insecurity

"Working time" subject area

  • Atypical working time
  • Rest Breaks
  • Detachment
  • Mobility
  • Work-related extended availability
  • Work-life balance

"Technical factors" subject area

  • Noise
  • Lighting
  • Climate
  • Human-machine interaction
  • Human-computer interaction

"Work design approaches" interdisciplinary topic

  • Organisational resilience

The project was divided into three phases and received close technical support from a committee of BAuA's Scientific Advisory Board.

Phase 1 - Knowledge preparation

In this phase, scoping reviews were compiled on the relationship between working condition factors and mental health. These describe the available level of knowledge. The compilation of the scoping reviews was also oriented to a common set of guidelines.

Phase 2 - Deepening the knowledge

In this phase, BAuA invited scientists to expert discussions and requested feed-back about the scoping reviews. At the expert meetings, cross-cutting questions took centre stage among others, on interdependencies and research gaps, on options for work design, and on the relevance of the topics in the changing world of work. Suggestions from the comments and expert meetings were subsequently used by BAuA in order to revise the scoping reviews.

Phase 3 - Applying the knowledge

In the third phase, the findings were discussed with actors from the worlds of occupational safety and politics. The project was concluded with a report in which the results were presented and recommendations were made regarding occupational safety, health management and related areas of policy.

The final report was presented on 5th May 2017 at a shared event with the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS), the Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA) and the German Trade Union Confederation (DGB). It provides the basis for the dialogue process behind "Mental Health in the Working World".

Providing scientific support, and in its role as Chair of the National Conference for Occupational Safety (NAK), BAuA is participating in the dialogue process which is overseen by the BMAS, the DGB and the BDA. This aims to support the organisational implementation of appropriate measures for the supporting and strengthening of mental health. For this purpose, an intensive discussion of the findings of the study should take place, conclusions should be drawn on the conceptualisation of a world of work in which occupational health is prioritised, and specific, measurable goals should be agreed for future implementation.

The dialogue process is accompanied by a steering committee, to which decision makers in the sector associations and individual trade unions are party. Additional partners for ensuring mental health in the world of work (in particular, accident insurers and other social insurance firms) will also be included.

Mental Health in the Working World - Determining the current state of scientific evidence

Suchergebnis_Format baua: Report

Find out more

"Conceptual approaches" interdisciplinary topic

Further Information

Research Project

Get informed about BAuA's research project on Mental Health.

Project numberF 2353 StatusCompleted Project Mental health in the working world - determining the current state of scientific evidence

To the Project

Research completed

Project numberF 2361 StatusCompleted Project Relevance of psychological workload as an issue in company practice

To the Project

Research completed


Search results

Job satisfaction and mental health of temporary agency workers in Europe: a systematic review and research agenda

Article 2020

The current systematic literature review aimed to analyse the associations between temporary agency work (TAW), job …

To the Publication

Atypical employment and mental health

Article 2018

Atypical employment such as part-time work, fixed-term employment and temporary agency work is a growing global phenomenon due …

To the Publication

Human-machine interaction and health at work: a scoping review

Article 2018

The complete article "Human-machine interaction and health at work: a scoping review" can be downloaded at the website of the …

To the Publication

Job control in production tasks - findings and design options from labour studies

Article 2018

Objective: The German manufacturing sector plays an important role in the national labour market and the overall economy. …

To the Publication

Leadership and psychological health

Article 2018

Objective: Based on recent research literature, the associations between leadership behaviour and the psychological health of …

To the Publication

Mental detachment from work as an indicator of recovery: Outcomes, antecedents and associated interventions

Article 2018

Objective: Recovery is an essential prerequisite in substantially reducing the negative work-related consequences of stress. In …

To the Publication

Task Design in Human-Robot-Interaction Scenarios - Challenges from a Human Factors Perspective

Article 2018

The complete article "Task Design in Human-Robot-Interaction Scenarios - Challenges from a Human Factors Perspective" is a …

To the Publication

The work environment factor "noise" - Findings from the project "Mental Health in the Working World" and current research in the BAuA

Article 2018

The work environment factor "noise" has been examined as one of five "technical factors" within the frame of the project "Mental …

To the Publication

Working time

Article 2018

Under the "Working Hours" topic in the project entitled "Mental health in the working world - Determining the current state of …

To the Publication

A Meta-Analysis on Antecedents and Outcomes of Detachment from Work

Article 2017

Detachment from work has been proposed as an important non-work experience helping employees to recover from work demands. This …

To the Publication

results per page: