Estimate whether the identified hazards may result in an accident or other adverse health effects. Start assessing hazards by checking and correspondingly documenting the following:
(legally specified minimum requirements)
Look up the corresponding legal references for all determined hazards. If the determined hazards have already been specified in provisions (laws, ordinances, accident prevention regulations, technical rules) laid down by the state or the occupational insurance association and if there are corresponding provisions, these must be met in order to achieve the required protection goal – the safe target condition.
One example in this regard includes the occupational exposure limits for hazardous substances. These specify the maximum concentration of a substance (in the air) that may be permitted without worries. In this case, experts have already evaluated the hazard.
Detailed statements on legally specific minimum requirements for the individual hazard factors can be found in our section Expert knowledge.
Please note: According to the Safety and Health at Work Act, it is not sufficient to ensure the safety and health protection of the employees at the workplace by means of occupational health and safety measures, but safety and health protection are also to be improved. In order to achieve this goal, the measures must be adapted to the consistently developing state of the art. Depending on the circumstances within the company, it often makes sense and is partially necessary to formulate further-reaching protection goals instead of the minimum requirements.
In ordinances, e.g. the Biological Agents Ordinance and the Hazardous Substances Ordinance , the legislator introduced protection levels. Every protection level describes measures (backup solutions, technology, organisation, protective equipment) and criteria for verifying the efficiency of protective measures taken (or already existing).
For example, if there are no substance- or activity-related specific provisions regarding protective measures, e.g. in technical rules for hazardous substances (TRGS), every hazard assessment involves a decision on which protection level is used for an activity involving hazardous substances. The determination of the protection level involves an evaluation of the hazard
In order to evaluate hazards, evaluation aids may be used that are recommended by the competent state and occupational insurance association offices. For example, these include the controlling feature method for evaluating when manually handling loads
and the simple measure concept hazardous substance (EMKG).