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Work-Life Balance

Mental health in the working world

The question of the compatibility between an employee's working life and their private life is receiving an increasing degree of attention. Research is also focusing on the work-life balance and the conflicts that can arise from this.

The work-life balance is usually examined as being a conflict between roles and their requirements in the different areas of life. In addition to this, the question of the extent to which roles from different areas of life can mutually enrich themselves is also addressed.

There are various theoretical approaches to the relationship between the two areas of life (work and family, or the private life), for example the conflict theory, the enrichment theory, the conservation of resources theory, the job-demands-resources model and the effort-recovery model. According to these theories, a successful work-life balance plays an important part in ensuring the health and motivation of employees.

The compatibility of work and private life, or the work-life balance, is receiving more and more attention. This subject is being discussed more intensively, in particular before the backdrop of today's increasingly technological world and the permanent availability and removal of boundaries that it has enabled. In addition to this there are many indications that employees are increasingly attributing greater value to achieving a balance between their working and private life.

Current state of knowledge

A scoping review by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health summarises the state of the scientific knowledge concerning the so-called work-life balance. It considers its correlations with (mental) health and well-being. It also describes its relationship with motivation, job satisfaction and performance. A focus was also made on the working conditions that may have a potential influence on the work-life balance. The review also reveals research gaps and discusses options for designing this factor.

The project "Mental health in the working world"

The scoping review on work-life balance is part of the project "Mental health in the working world - determining the current state of scientific evidence". The project assesses mental load factors by means of the state of scientific knowledge.

For further detailed information please refer to our German Website.