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Job Insecurity

Mental Health in the World of Work

In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to the subject of job insecurity. Reasons for this are often current labour market developments.

Behind the term "job insecurity", there are hidden various aspects. Subjective (quantitative) job insecurity, for example, describes the fear of employees of losing their jobs. An extended approach defines (qualitative) job insecurity as a perceived threat of losing important and valued characteristics of a job. This comprises among other things the fear of worsening working conditions, caused by, for example, poorer career opportunities or less job control.

The number of publications on the subject of job insecurity has increased drastically, especially in recent years. This might be an indication for job insecurity having become more important as a psychosocial risk, or being increasingly perceived as a serious risk. This development is closely connected with the constantly changing market and competition conditions, as well as the political framework to which organisations must adapt.

Current state of knowledge

A scoping review by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health summarises the state of scientific knowledge on job insecurity. The work focuses on subjective (quantitative) job insecurity and considers both, its predictors as well its interrelation with (mental) health and well-being. It also describes its relation to motivation, job satisfaction and performance. In addition, the scoping review reveals research gaps and discusses options for designing this factor.

The project "Mental health in the world of work"

The scoping review on job insecurity is part of the project "Mental health in the world of work - determining the current state of scientific evidence". The project assesses mental stress factors based on the state of scientific knowledge.

For further information please refer to our German Website.