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Job Insecurity

Mental Health in the World of Work

In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to the subject of job insecurity. The reasons for this are often current labour market developments.

Various aspects are hidden behind the term "job insecurity". For example, subjective (quantitative) job insecurity describes the fear of employees of losing their jobs. An extended approach defines (qualitative) job insecurity as a perceived threat of losing important and valued characteristics of their jobs. This comprises among other things the fear that their own working conditions could worsen, for example through poorer career opportunities or less job control.

The number of publications on the subject of job insecurity has increased drastically, above all in recent years. This may be an indication of the fact that job insecurity has become more important as a psychosocial risk, or is increasingly perceived as a serious risk. This development is closely connected with the constantly changing market and competition conditions, as well as the political framework to which organisations must adapt.

Current state of knowledge

A scoping review by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health summarises the state of scientific knowledge on job insecurity. The work focuses on subjective (quantitative) job insecurity and considers both predictors for this as well its interrelationships with (mental) health and well-being. It also describes its relations to motivation, job satisfaction and performance. In addition, the scoping review reveals research gaps and discusses options for designing this factor.

The project "Mental health in the world of work"

The scoping review on job insecurity is part of the project "Mental health in the world of work - determining the current state of scientific evidence". The project assesses mental stress factors by means of the state of scientific knowledge.

For further detailed information please refer to our German Website.