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Atypical Forms of Employment

Mental Health in the Working World

In recent years, atypical forms of employment have steadily increased in number. These forms of employment differ markedly from "normal" employment relationships. Examples of such work include contract and temporary employment, fixed-term employment, part-time employment, self-employment, solo self-employment, multiple jobs and freelance work.

On the one hand, the increase in atypical forms of employment is based on economic changes that accompany new challenges for companies. Flexibilisation and delimitation of working hours and forms of work as well as employment relationships can be observed for a better adaptation to the demands of the market. On the other hand, deregulation of employment relationships encourages the spread of different forms of atypical employment.

The following questions are discussed frequently both in political and in academic discussions: Is atypical employment precarious employment? And does it lead to impairments of health?

Current state of knowledge

A scoping review by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health summarises the state of scientific knowledge regarding atypical employment. The review also considers its correlations with (mental) health and well-being. It also describes its links to motivation, job satisfaction and performance. In addition, the scoping review reveals research gaps and discusses options for designing this factor.

The project "Mental Health in the Working World"

The scoping review on atypical employment is part of the project "Mental Health in the Working World - determining the current state of scientific evidence". The project assesses mental load factors by means of the state of scientific knowledge.

For further information please refer to our German Website.