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Atypical Employment and Solo-Self-Employment

Focus Analysis 2012

The focus analysis in terms of atypical employment and self-employment in the con-text of the report "Safety and health at work 2012" focuses on the working conditions and the health of the described groups of employees.

The focus analysis in terms of atypical employment and self-employment in the context of the report "Safety and health at work 2012" focuses on the working conditions and the health of the described groups of employees.

Various aspects are taken into account:

  • Framework data on atypical employment: How has atypical employment and solo self-employment developed? Who are the atypical workers: rather men or women? What level of education do they have and in what economy branches do they work?
  • Legal basis of atypical employment: What specific legal regulations apply to atypical employees?
  • Working conditions and health of atypical forms of employment: How do part-time workers, employees in marginal employment, fixed-term workers, temporary workers and solo self-employed assess their mental and physical working conditions, their available resources and their health? For this purpose, the data from the BIBB/BAuA Employment Survey 2012 were analysed.

Background

Since the beginning of the nineties, atypical employment has increased significantly and in 2012 constituted a good one-fifth of the core workforce. The atypical employment within the meaning of this issue includes

  • part-time employees with a maximum of 20 hours per week,
  • exclusively marginally employed employees (minijobs),
  • fixed-term employees and
  • temporary workers.

These forms of employment can also overlap, so that one person can be atypically employed in several ways. In addition, solo self-employed persons, i.e. self-employed persons without employees, are also considered, since their share has also increased in recent years.

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