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Research on Demographic Change

Whole professional branches must be geared towards an ageing and shrinking labour force

The working world is severely affected by demographic change. It is therefore necessary to create suitable working conditions for older workers and to maintain their working capacity.

The topic "Healthy ageing in work" is about identifying and evaluating long-term effects, side effects and interactions of work-specific stresses and demands. In addition, the opportunities and risks of working for health, physical and cognitive performance are explored. In addition, with the extension of the professional life, on-going monitoring of the working capacity is an important new task.

The Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) edits the results of the re-search projects in a target group-specific manner and makes them available to partners such as occupational physicians, security experts or consultants as well as networks.

Three departments of the BAuA are conducting research on demographic change

The Department 1 "Principle Issues and Programmes" deals with the preservation of the work ability and employability over the entire professional career. At the same time, the focus is on the work-accompanying acquisition of skills as well as the testing of innovative preven-tive alliances. Furthermore, Department 1 supports various projects and networks and thus ensures the transdisciplinary task of disciplinary research. This is part of the New Quality of Work initiative.

Department 2 "Products and Systems" focuses on the design of technical working conditions. In doing so, risks for the working person are to be minimised and aspects of the human-oriented work design taken into account. In this process, technical-organisational work struc-tures, work processes as well as the work environment are considered and evaluated as a whole.

Department 3 "Work and Health" focuses on the health and performance of working people. In particular, more complex contexts of health-promoting and health-damaging conditions are examined and made accessible to holistic prevention approaches. The department develops concepts on mental stress and takes into account occupational histories and new forms of work.