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We help you with buying safe products

Before buying and using a product, find out about its safety characteristics before it is too late. We assist you in this process: with up-to-the-minute news about unsafe products, with statistical insights, and with appropriate points of contact.

Trust in economic operators and in the single market can be maintained only if it is clear that products destined for sale are safe and are not harmful to health. Taking suitable measures to strengthen this trust is one of the important tasks facing the European Union (EU), all Member States and the market surveillance authorities of the Federal States and Federal Government. The aim is to guarantee the highest possible level of protection for all citizens of the EU.

Today, the EU already enjoys a relatively high level of product safety. This is thanks in equal part to the numerous legislative provisions for various product groups and to the work of the market surveillance authorities. The latter ensure that people play by the rules of the game within the single market. One such rule is that the corresponding economic operators must provide not only authorities, but also commercial customers and consumers, with timely and comprehensive information about unsafe and potentially dangerous products.

A detailed information system

To this end, all EU Member States are required to create corresponding infrastructure to ensure the rapid, secure and reliable flow of information. Against this backdrop, a corresponding information system performs various roles and tasks within the context of product safety and is accessible to the full range of stakeholders.

In the system, the economic operators (manufacturers, authorised representatives, importers, distributor) are legally required to inform the authorities of safety deficiencies in their products. If there is certainty or evidence to suggest that a product could pose a risk to the health and safety of third parties, manufacturers are required to issue product recalls and product warnings. In addition, the market surveillance authorities have the authority to order product recalls or that products be withdrawn. They can also prohibit products from making available on the market if they pose a serious risk and rapid intervention is necessary.

Market surveillance authorities

Furthermore, end user can notify the market surveillance authorities of dangerous products, for example using the internet-supported information and communication system for pan-European market surveillance (ICSMS):

ICSMS

In addition, if you contact us, we will be happy to put you in touch with the competent authority.

On the following pages, we also provide current notifications regarding dangerous products, as well as information on product safety.

Further Informations

Product Safety Commission (AfPS)

The Product Safety Commission advises the Federal Government on questions pertaining to product safety

The Product Safety Commission is founded on section 33 of the Product Safety Act (ProdSG) and advises the Federal Government on product safety issues. It is employed by the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

The Commission includes experts from the market surveillance authorities, the conformity assessment bodies, the statutory accident insurers, the German Institute for Standardisation (DIN), the Commission for Occupational Health and Safety and Standardisation (KAN), employers' associations, trade unions and related associations, in particular those of the manufacturers, distributors and consumers. The activities of the commission are managed by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA).

For further information please refer to our German Website.

Contact

AfPS Administration

Dipl.-Ing. Ralph Fähnrich

Unit 2.1 "Basics of Product Safety"

Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) Postbox 17 02 02 D-44061 Dortmund Germany
Phone: +49 231 9071-2538 Fax: +49 231 9071-2364

Contact form

Product Safety Act

Safer products on the market

According to the German Product Safety Act (ProdSG), the BAuA performs a number of tasks within the framework of internal market law and product safety. It is an important interface between the market surveillance authorities of the federal states, the Federal Government and in Europe.

Information exchange

As a national RAPEX contact point, the BAuA ensures the exchange of information between the market surveillance authorities, the European Commission and the Member States. It ensures the national processes and the legal implementation of the RAPEX procedure as part of its quality assurance measures.
In addition, the BAuA offers the general public a comprehensive information service. It announces official announcements and announcements from the economic operators, e.g. via product recalls. To this end, it operates a central product safety portal.

Risk assessment

In the context of its general research mission, the BAuA pre-emptively determines and assesses safety risks and health risks associated with the use of products. In individual cases, it carries out risk assessments of products in consultation with the market surveillance authorities.

Product Safety Commission

The BAuA conducts the business of the Product Safety Commission (AfPS), which advises the Federal Government on product safety issues.

Announcements

In addition to standards, the BAuA promulgates standards and technical specifications, which the AfPS has determined. It publishes GS bodies and approved inspection bodies according to ProdSG and BetrSichV.

ICSMS

The internet-based information system helps to supervise technical products across Europe

Find out more : ICSMS: Information System for Authorities, Business and Consumers …

Product Recalls

Since 2010, the BAuA has made public more than 800 recalls of unsafe products.

Every day manufacturers warn of possible dangers of their products. At the same time, each responsible manufacturer should carry out solid, detailed recall planning prior to such a product recall and establish a recall management.

Since 2010, the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) has announced in the Product Safety Portal www.rueckrufe.de more than 800 recalls of unsafe products and the tendency is increasing. This did not only concern companies with a dubious reputation or products, but also those with a solid quality management. It was and always is about the organisation of the return of a product provided to the end user, in a recall.

Product recalls need absolutely not be associated with any negative image for the company concerned. It is much more appreciated by consumers when a company is aware of its responsibilities and values for the safety and health of its customers. In this respect, product recalls can have a positive effect on the image of the company in the public eye. Anyone who communicates mistakes voluntarily and transparently and also offers consumer-friendly solutions as soon as possible, demonstrates responsibility and gains trust.

Causes

The causes for the continuous increase in product recalls are manifold:
On the one hand, legislators have defined the obligations of manufacturers in the event that risks arise from their products. On the other hand, consumer protection has a socially important value. The demands on companies and consumers in terms of safety and health protection of products are also higher.

As a result of this development, the companies have introduced extensive quality assurance and control systems. This increases the likelihood of discovering faulty products.
The management of complaints and accident books and the carrying out of risk assessments are important instruments of risk management, in addition to regular, planned random checks.

Manufacturers obligations

The main responsibility for the safety of a product lies with the manufacturer. §6 of the ProdSG obliges them to eliminate a safety risk posed by a product they have made available on the market. How they achieve this goal is first left to themselves.

As options, the following corrective measures are available:

  • Withdrawing products from the distribution chain
  • Sending information about the correct use of products
  • Changing products on site, for example, at the customers' site
  • Recalling products for replacement or refunder

In addition, the manufacturer must inform the market surveillance authority as soon as he knows or suspects that a product he manufactures poses a risk to users' safety and health.

Appropriate measures

The manufacturer must carefully weigh the pros and cons before initiating a product recall in the event of a defective product. In principle, he must check whether the absence of recall poses a risk to the health or life of users or third parties.


The greater the probability of personal injury, the more seriously the manufacturer should do his duty and consequently remove the dangerous product from the market. In addition, the person using the product should also be taken into consideration. A recall is almost absolutely necessary if the product is primarily intended for the benefit of end users or possibly of children. A warning may be sufficient if the product is used by professional and consequently those skilled in the art.

In principle, the precautions and measures must be appropriate in order to effectively eliminate risks to the safety and health of persons.

Administrative measures

The market surveillance authorities have different possibilities of intervention for manufacturers and person responsible for products to comply with their obligations vis-à-vis the users of their products and to assess the necessity of a recall solely for objective reasons.

The relevant market surveillance authority may order appropriate measures in the event that a manufacturer does not fulfil his responsibility, for example the recall of the product concerned. In addition, a fine may be imposed where the competent authorities have not been informed, not correctly, not in full or not in due time.

The latter does not look too good for the corporate image. This is why it is better to react fast and to handle the situation correctly. In order to make this possible, it is advisable to set up a recall team in good time.

Conclusion: Good recall management facilitates collaboration with the authorities.