Use and Maintenance of Electrical Products
In order to avoid accidents, certain requirements apply to the use and maintenance of electrical products. For the workplace, they are stipulated in the Operational Safety Ordinance (BetrSichV). The operating manual is particularly important for private individuals.
By usage is meant all measures relating to an electrical apparatus (§ 2 (3) BetrSichV). This includes testing, putting into operation, shutdown, use, repair and maintenance, testing, safety measures during operation disruption, removal and disassembly and transport.
The most important principles during usage are:
The requirements in terms of usage of electrical products are laid down in the Operational Safety Ordinance for application in the commercial sector.
If quality requirements are not respected or if electrical products are used improperly, this can lead to accidents. The Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health investigated such accidents, i.e. electrical accidents at the workplace and in the private sector. In the research report Fb 941, the authors conclude that "the causes of electrical accidents are mainly to be seen in behavioural errors". This means that the improper use of electrical equipment and installations - i.e. handling or repairs - and the lack of maintenance lead to accidents.
There are no technical measures for these cases. The only means of prevention here is educated information. In the commercial sector, this is guidance. This means that employees must be adequately informed, in particular about the hazards associated with their use. Employees who carry out repairs, maintenance and reconstruction work require special instructions (§ 9 BetrSichV).
The private sector is not subject to the occupational safety regulation. This is why it is particularly important that private individuals are informed about the hazards that can arise from the electrical products. The most important source of information is the operating instructions of the manufacturers. These documents describe the following:
In addition, there are numerous pages on the Internet dealing with questions of electrical safety in the private sector.
In the commercial sector, the manufacturer's data can serve as a basis for the hazard assessment. Based on the hazard assessment, the employer makes the necessary arrangements and ensures that the provisions of the applicable regulations for electrical products are observed during the entire operating period.
You can find the regulations regarding the quality requirements for electrical products on the page "Basic requirements for quality".
In order to specify the requirements of the Operational Safety Ordinance, the Committee on Occupational Safety (ABS) has issued the Technical Rules on Operational Safety (TRBS). The following TRBSs are to be used for the operation of electrical workstations or products:
Whoever uses electrical equipment and installations must also comply with the requirements of DGUV Regulation 3 "Electrical systems and equipment" as well as VDE 0105-100: "Operation of electrical equipment, Part 100: General requirements".