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Application field of the Low Voltage Directive

The Directive and the limits of its scope

Not all electrical products fall within the scope of the Low Voltage Directive. Read which of them are relevant and how to assign limit cases.

The scope of application of the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU (LVD) and the 1st ProdSV is limited.

They apply for

  • new, ready-to-use electrical products,
  • new parts of electrical products,
  • electrical products which are operated at voltages between 50 V and 1000 V alternating voltage and 75 V and 1500 V direct voltage.

The following are excluded from the scope of application:

  • electrical equipment for use in explosive atmospheres,
  • electro-radiological and electro-medical equipment,
  • electrical parts of passenger and freight elevators,
  • electricity meters,
  • electrical equipment from the point of view of interference suppression,
  • household plug and socket devices,
  • devices for the power supply of electric pasture fences,
  • special electrical equipment intended for use on ships, on airplanes or in railways, and meeting the safety requirements of international bodies to which the Member States belong,
  • customer and application-specific test modules, which are used exclusively by experts in research and development facilities for research and development purposes.

Support for the allocation of products

In practice, problems arise with regard to the assignment of individual electrical products to one or the other directive or its German implementation. The guidelines for the application of the Low Voltage Directive provide additional support. There you will find, among other things, answers to the questions:

  • What are the requirements for electrical equipment which consists at the same time of a machine in the sense of the Machinery Directive?
  • What are the requirements for electrical equipment that is permanently installed in buildings?
  • What is the relationship with the directive on radio equipment and telecommunication terminals?
  • What is the relationship with the directive on gas appliances?

The market surveillance authorities also deal with these issues. The administrative co-operation group in the field of the Low Voltage Directive (LVD-AdCo WG) has established an unfinished list of products that are either subject to the Low Voltage Directive or not.