Market surveillance authorities carry out risk assessments to determine whether products are safe both before they are put into circulation by manufacturers and after they have been placed on the market.
Risk assessment is complex because it has to take account of diverse factors, such as the product’s characteristics, user groups, the probability of an incident occurring, and the severity of potential injuries. Among other things, risk assessment involves making subjective judgements, which can result in inconsistent outcomes and consequences. This project is therefore intended to standardise and optimise the risk assessment process.
Expert knowledge and various sources of information will have to be accessed, appraised, and linked together for this purpose. A structured guidance document will subsequently be developed, the foundation for which will consist of a range of assessment criteria and generally applicable rules. Qualitative interviews will be conducted with product safety experts in order to develop these rules. Apart from this, further sources of data on products (e.g. accident and recall databases) will be appraised using machine learning techniques. The guidance document that is developed will finally be evaluated by experts from market surveillance authorities at a workshop.
Unit 2.1 "Basics of Product Safety"