More than 25% of the German construction volume is used for constructional measures or alterations of workplaces. Every year, between 20,000 or 30,000 buildings for workplaces are newly erected. They are often used for a long period.
Planning, construction, setting up and operating of workplaces are influenced by legal, technical and design requirements. Health and safety regulations, in particular, the Workplaces Ordinance, have to be implemented beside other legal requirements. During implementation however, a range of practicable problems, misunderstandings and mistakes is often encountered. After the planning and design phase, these problems lead to rising costs and efforts in a progressing project. In many cases, only compromise solutions can be found, which lead to negative impact on occupational health and safety, often for a long period of use.
It is necessary to better understand and implement all requirements of health and safety regulations, especially the Workplaces Ordinance in construction projects. In particular, the aim is a better implementation during the planning and design phase of projects.
The feasibility study will investigate how the potentials of the planning method "Building Information Modeling" (BIM) can be used, how the requirements of occupational safety and health at workplaces can be integrated in an early phase of planning and implemented completely and without errors. BIM has proven its worth in supporting collaboration in construction projects and is suitable for the integration of health and safety requirements.
In the feasibility study, technical, content-related and transfer-specific requirements for BIM based planning tools will be examined and further clarified and strategies for further implementation will be shown.
Unit 2.4 "Workplaces, Safety of Machinery, Operational Safety"